The General Assembly is the deliberative body of the United Nations. It consists of 192 members, so each member has the right to vote equal to the rest of the members, in contrast to the Security Council, which gives the right of veto to five countries only, and it also accepts the accession of new members. It has become a platform for dialogue between countries developed and developing.
Although the decisions of the Assembly are not binding on the member states, they have a dramatic and lasting impact. One of the most important declarations of the Assembly was the Declaration of Human Rights, which was in 1948, as this declaration became a document that is considered evidence of human rights, thanks to the efforts of Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, and among important decisions that have been implemented is the police taking measures to protect South Korea from North Korean aggression. The association is currently chaired by MIROSLAV LAJČÁK.
structure of the general assembly
The General Assembly consists of several main organs, including:
- Committees: It consists of six central committees, namely:
- Committee on Disarmament and International Security.
- Economic and Financial Committee.
- Social, Cultural, and Humanitarian Committee.
- Special Political and Decolonization Committee.
- Management and Budget Committee.
- Legal Committee.
- Councils: such as the Human Rights Council.
Functions and powers of the General Assembly
The association has several functions and powers, as it performs various procedures that include several aspects, including political and humanitarian ones, and these procedures affect the lives of millions of people around the world, and among the powers of the association in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations:
- Consider general principles, in order to maintain peace and security among nations.
- Presenting studies and recommendations; To promote political cooperation between states, and the implementation of human rights.
- Provide recommendations to provide peaceful solutions in the event of a conflict between states.
- Considering and approving the United Nations' budget and evaluating the Member States' financial situation.
- Election of non-permanent members of the councils of the United Nations, the Security Council, and its other organs.
- Take appropriate measures in cases that threaten security and peace, and initiate aggression, when the Security Council does not act due to a negative vote of a permanent member.