The eight types of intelligence

The eight types of intelligence

The eight types of intelligence

Intelligence includes several types according to Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, and each type is explained as follows:


Logical-mathematical intelligence

People with high mathematical intelligence are characterized by a high ability to solve problems without relying on language skills, as they can find a solution to a problem before expressing it verbally, and it is worth noting that children with this type of intelligence are good at solving puzzles, mathematical operations, thinking games and riddles, and logical exercises.

Logical-mathematical intelligence refers to the ability to analyze problems logically and scientifically, and the most prominent of those who enjoyed this type of intelligence: Einstein and Bill Gates, as they can develop equations, perform complex mathematical operations, and solve abstract problems, and level of performance of those with logical-mathematical intelligence is better In some professions and not others, and among these professions are the following:

  • mathematician.
  • Accountant.
  • statistical.
  • computer analyst.

Linguistic intelligence

Linguistic intelligence includes responding to both spoken and written language, the ability to learn languages, and the ability to use language to accomplish a specific goal. People with this type of intelligence, such as William Shakespeare and Oprah Winfrey, can analyze information, create speeches, books, blogs, notes, and others, and it is worth noting that children who have this type of intelligence have a preference for linguistic activities, such as reading, telling stories and anecdotes, writing poems, learning languages, and solving word games, and the level of performance of those with linguistic intelligence is better in some professions without Other professions include the following:

  • Attorney.
  • Announcer.
  • Clerk.
  • Journalist.
  • Admin.
  • Host.

spatial intelligence

Spatial intelligence is defined as the ability to create, preserve, retrieve, and transmit visual images according to Lohmann's theory in 1996 AD. Spatial intelligence can also be explained by clarifying the mental ability of architects and engineers that enables them to design buildings, or by the ability of chemists to imagine a triangular model. The dimensions of the particles, or the surgeon's ability to properly cut the human body.

Spatial intelligence also includes the ability to notice, perceive, use, and manipulate a pictorial pattern in large spaces, such as those used by pilots and sailors, or in confined spaces, such as those used by sculptors and chess players. People with spatial intelligence such as Frank Lloyd Wright and Amelia Earhart have the ability The level of performance of those with spatial intelligence is better in some professions than in others, including the following:

  • pilot.
  • surgeon.
  • architectural.
  • Graphic designer.
  • Interior Designer.

Kinesthetic intelligence

Kinesthetic intelligence is defined as the ability of people to process information physically through the use of their bodies, hands, or expressions. It is also known as sensory intelligence. People with high motor intelligence have several characteristics, the most prominent of which are the following:

  • Preference for learning through movement.
  • The ability to remember the movements and actions of others, so that movement is an aid to memory.
  • Find things by touch, and enjoy working with your hands.
  • Enjoying kinetic school activities, such as drawing, sculpting, presentation, organization, dancing, practical teaching of science, and others.
  • High levels of kinetic energy, and may be gifted athletes.

The level of performance of people with this intelligence is better in some professions than others, including the following:

  • fitness trainer.
  • Nurse.
  • Athlete.
  • soldier.
  • factory worker.
  • dancer.
  • Powerful player.
  • Physical therapist.

Musical intelligence

Musical intelligence refers to the extent of an individual's skill while playing, performing, composing, or appreciating music and its styles, and people with this type of intelligence can use rhythms and musical patterns to aid learning, such as Beethoven, the famous composer who composed many of his best works After becoming deaf, it is mentioned that the level of performance of those with musical intelligence is better in some professions than others, including the following:

  • Singer.
  • composer.
  • Orchestra director.
  • DJ.
  • Music critic.
  • music player.

Social Intelligence

Social intelligence allows people who possess it to manage their various social relationships successfully, as it includes their speed in understanding the intention of others, communicating with them effectively, and making social privileges, and social intelligence does not necessarily require the use of words verbally, as this intelligence appears in a specific type of people, especially those who work In administrative or educational positions, people with high social intelligence are characterized by several characteristics, the most important of which are the following:

  • The ability to perceive the feelings of others and respond appropriately to them.
  • The ability to lead and motivate groups, and direct individuals to effectively identify and solve their problems.

The level of performance of people with social intelligence is better in some professions than in others, and among these professions are the following:

  • Manager.
  • Teacher.
  • Psychotherapist.
  • Religious missionary.


Self-psychological intelligence

Self-psychological intelligence is defined as a person's ability to discover his inner world and understand his feelings, and this type of intelligence helps its owner to focus and plan to manage his life, as this type of intelligence enables its owners to deal with the environment around them in the same way they deal with themselves, and the owners of intelligence are characterized The self-psychological has several characteristics, including the following:

  • Great motivation to learn life lessons and take care of values.
  • Enjoying solitude and dealing with things individually.
  • Strong intuition.
  • Acknowledging strengths that they usually don't show off.
  • Independence and high self-confidence.
  • The ability to control feelings, especially when angry.

It is noteworthy that the level of performance of those with self-psychological intelligence is better in some professions than others, including the following:

  • Clerk.
  • A poet.
  • theatrical.
  • philosopher.
  • policeman.
  • Religious missionary.

natural intelligence

Natural intelligence includes a response, feeling, and appreciation toward nature. People with this type of intelligence tend to communicate with nature around them and cultivate plants. They also have a high ability to raise and train animals. People with high natural intelligence have several characteristics, the most prominent of which are: Come:

  • Noticing patterns in nature.
  • Learning by interacting with nature.
  • Dissatisfaction with pollution and climate change.
  • Appreciation of plants.
  • Comfortable while handling animals.
  • Get inspiration through nature.
  • landscape appreciation.

The level of performance of people with natural intelligence is better in some professions than in others, the most prominent of which are the following:

  • Animal trainer.
  • farms.
  • biological.
  • Garden coordinator.
  • veterinary doctor.
  • gardener.

The theory of multiple intelligences

Intelligence is defined as the ability to learn, use, and produce new solutions through the skills or information available to the individual. It is also defined as the ability to think, analyze, ask questions, and conclude. It is incorrect to limit intelligence to one type. He mentioned his rejection of this in his book Frames of the Mind, in which he expanded on the definition of intelligence, and identified a number of its types based on scientific grounds.

Gardner wrote that everyone can possess all these types of intelligence, but their degrees vary from one person to another, based on the person's experience and genes. all ocean.

Gardner indicated that he does not agree with evaluating students based on their possession of one type of intelligence and not another, and made 3 recommendations for teaching people who wish to rely on the theory of multiple intelligences, which are as follows:

  • Deriving, processing, and building educational models for each student separately, and not relying on a single intelligence pattern in evaluation.
  • Relying on several methods of education by diversifying between vocal, kinetic, and visual performance, and others.
  • Realizing the fact that the level of intelligence type is not equal for everyone and is not interchangeable.
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